Working with the Grammatical Dictionary

The LingvoGrammatical dictionary is a hyperlinked English grammar reference book. It has about 500 entries containing major grammatical patterns, rules and examples. The dictionary contains information on usage, differences between British and American English, pronunciation variants, etc. It also deals with some finer points of English grammar (e.g. it has cards for “give me this” and “give this to me”). The first (primary) entry in the dictionary is Grammar, which contains links to six major topics: Parts of Speech, Syntax, Speech situations, American and British English, Spelling, and Punctuation. The entries are organized in a hierarchical structure and you can go from a more general topic to a more specific topic or vice versa by clicking on the respective links. Some cards in the LingvoEssential dictionary also have hyperlinks to the LingvoGrammatical dictionary.

Working with the LingvoGrammatical dictionary is similar to working with other Lingvo dictionaries, only you have to remember that instead of translations it offers articles dealing with various grammar issues, as well as rules and usage examples.

You can open the necessary cards from the LingvoGrammatical dictionary by clicking on the respective links on some cards from the LingvoEssential dictionary or you can simply read the LingvoGrammatical dictionary as a hyperlinked grammar book.

Entry structure and conventions used in the dictionary


Suppose you need to translate the following Russian sentence:

Проходя мимо кухни, он остановился, чтобы выпить стакан воды

 Do you say:

Type ing-form in the Edit Line and perform a full-text search. Lingvo will find the following cards that will help you make the right choice:

Verb + to-infinitive or ing-form?

stop, go on + to-infinitive or ing-form

Once you have studied these cards, you will see that stop can be followed by either a to-infinitive or an ing-form but with different meanings: stop + ing-form means to finish an action in progress and stop + to-infinitive means to interrupt an activity in order to do something else (the infinitive of purpose). Therefore the correct translation would be:
Passing the kitchen he stopped to drink a glass of water.