C H A P T E R    33 Part 5  Using Microsoft Office Throughout Your Organization Microsoft Office Resource Kit
Workgroup Features in Microsoft Word Previous



In This Chapter
Security and Document Sharing Protection Features in Word
Workgroup Review of Documents

This chapter explains how to administer features in Microsoft Word 97 for Windows and Word 98 for the Macintosh that are designed for sharing documents among users in a workgroup. It describes how the various workgroup features of Word work and provides information for supporting them.

See Also


Security and Document Sharing Protection Features in Word

As a workgroup administrator, you might initiate or oversee workgroup­wide security practices to help protect Word documents. This section describes options available in Word to help protect documents. These options are independent of any additional security measures you put into place at the operating system level.

Word 97 (Windows) and Word 98 (Macintosh) incorporate the symmetric encryption routine known as RC4. RC4 is stronger than the encryption routine used in previous versions of Word, known as Office 4.x encryption. Documents from previous versions of Word are not as protected as password­protected documents in Word 97 or Word 98 format. For more information about Office encryption, see "Security Features in Office" in Chapter 34, "Microsoft Office Architecture."

   Note   Strong encryption such as RC4 is banned in France. If a Windows user's locale setting in the Regional Settings Properties dialog box (Control Panel) is set to French (Standard), that user cannot open Office documents that are password protected. Nor can the user save an Office document with RC4 encryption.

Word supports three levels of document sharing protection. The author of the document, who is the user with read-write access to a document, helps to control all three levels. The three levels of document sharing protection are:

These methods are more for collaboration purposes than for security needs. Protection of this type is not meant to protect intellectual property from malicious users. For example, field codes can be viewed in a text editor such as Notepad even if forms or sections of a document are set to use the following protection methods instead of using encryption.

To help protect a document

  1. On the File menu, click Save As.
  2. Click Options.
  3. To have Word prompt the user to open the document read­only, select the Read­only recommended check box.

    – or –

    To require a password to open the document, type a password in the Password to open box, and then click OK.

    – or –

    To require a password to save changes to the document, type a password in the Password to modify box, and then click OK.

  4. When prompted, type the password again, and then click OK.
  5. Click Save.
   Note   Encrypted documents are not indexed by Find Fast (Windows only). For more information about document indexing and searching, see Chapter 26, "Finding Microsoft Office Documents on the Network."

In addition to helping protect an entire document, you can help protect specific elements from inadvertent changes. The following protection methods can all be circumvented through simple actions of any user who has access to the file. These methods serve only to block inadvertent changes to the specific elements or sections of the document by the originator of the document.

The elements you can help protect are:

To help protect a specific element in a document from unauthorized changes

  1. On the Tools menu, click Protect Document.
  2. Under Protect document for, select the elements you want to help protect.
  3. To help prevent others from removing protection from the document, type a password and click OK, and then retype the password in the Confirm Password dialog box.

Caution   If you or a user in your workgroup assigns encryption enabled password protection to a document (Password to open) and then forgets the password, you cannot open the document, gain access to its data in another document through links, remove protection from the document, or recover data from the document. Keep a list of your passwords and their corresponding document names in a safe place.


Workgroup Review of Documents

Word includes several features that support group review of documents. If your workgroup has access to electronic mail (e­mail), users can also send or route documents to their co­workers.

Many of the features described in this section are available through the Reviewing toolbar.

To display the Reviewing toolbar, click Toolbars (View menu), and then click Reviewing.

Creating a Document with Many Authors

Word provides a number of features that are especially useful when several members of a workgroup jointly write long documents:

For more information about using these features, see Word online Help.

The remainder of this section describes other features to use when several members of a workgroup jointly write or review Word documents.

Tracking Changes

The commands on the Track Changes submenu (Tools menu) allow reviewers to make revisions to a document. The author of the document can then accept or reject these revisions.

The author or any reviewer can specify how revisions should appear (for example, whether deleted text should be formatted as strikethrough or hidden) on the Track Changes tab in the Options (Windows) or Preferences (Macintosh) dialog box (Tools menu).

Note   In previous versions of Word, the track changes feature was called revision marking.

Commenting on a Document

Comments in a Word document are analogous to reviewer notes written in the margins of a printed document. You insert comments with the Comment command (Insert menu). Word formats the comment indicator and the preceding word with a light yellow background, so the comment and the text to which it refers are clearly visible. You can also select a range of text before clicking Comment, and Word formats all of the selected text with a light yellow background.

You can view comments by resting the pointer over text shaded with light yellow, or over a comment indicator in the text. All of the comments appear in the comments pane below the document.

Tip   Comments are especially useful when used with change tracking. When a reviewer makes a change to a document, the reviewer can also insert a comment explaining why the change is necessary.

   In addition to entering text comments, users who have computers equipped with sound cards and microphones can insert voice comments. To insert a voice comment, click the Insert Sound Object button in the comments pane.

Note   In previous versions of Word, comments were called annotations.

Saving and Comparing Different Versions of Documents

Word supports two ways of working with different versions of documents: saving versions of a document in a single file, and comparing differences between different documents.

Saving Document Versions

New in Word is the ability to save multiple versions of a document within a single file. This feature, called version control, is available through the Versions dialog box (File menu). For example, you can use version control to save a version of a document after you write the first draft, save another version after the document is edited, and then save a final version after you have polished the document for publication. All three versions are saved within the document file, but only one version is active at any given time.

Recorded with each version are the name of the author who last saved the version of the document, the date and time it was saved, and any additional comments the author included. In the Versions dialog box, you can switch between versions of a document, delete versions, or display a version and then save it as a separate file.

Saving versions of a document in this way is similar to saving a document to different file names at different times. For example, you might start with the draft document Mydocument1, save it after editing as Mydocument2, and then save it again before distribution as Mydocument3. Saving multiple versions in the same file is more efficient, however: Word saves only the differences between versions, so less disk space is used, and you can more easily switch between versions. Version control is also a useful tool when you must maintain a clear record, or audit trail, of revisions to a document, such as a legal contract.

Comparing Documents

The Compare Documents command (Tools menu, Track Changes submenu) is useful when you want to see the differences between two documents. When you click Compare Documents, Word prompts you to select a document to compare with the active document. Word then indicates differences between the two by making revisions to the active document with change marks. You can then review the revisions and accept or reject them.

Unlike version control, comparing documents with the Compare Documents command requires two documents to compare. If you used version control and you want to compare two versions of a document in this way, you must first save one of the versions as a separate document. To do so, click Versions
(File menu) to switch to the other version of the document, and then save it with a different file name by clicking Save As (File menu). You can then use the Compare Documents command to compare the two documents.

Merging Documents

With the Merge Documents command (Tools menu), you can combine tracked changes from several documents into one document. Unlike the Compare Documents command (Tools menu, Track Changes submenu), the merge documents feature requires that you turn on change tracking in order to merge both documents.

Sending and Routing Documents with Electronic Mail

Users in a workgroup who have e­mail capability can review documents by routing or sending them through e­mail, with each recipient adding comments to the document.

To route a document, the sender creates a routing slip, and then routes the document to the recipients either one at a time or all at once. The sender can track the status of the routed document as the recipients review it. After all of the recipients have reviewed the document, it is automatically returned to the original sender.

When sending a document through e­mail, the original sender does not create a routing slip. Whether the sender routes or sends a document, the document is received as an attachment in an e­mail message.

Windows users running one of the following e­mail programs can both route and send documents through e­mail:

Macintosh users running one of the following e­mail programs can both route and send documents through e­mail:

To route a document to other members of your workgroup

  1. On the File menu, point to Send To, and then click Routing Recipient.
  2. If prompted, select the user profile you want to use in the Profile Name box.
  3. In the Routing Slip box, click Address, select the recipients, and then click OK.
  4. In the Message text box, type a message, select the Return when done check box, and then click Route.

Note    Macintosh users running other e­mail programs (for example, Microsoft Outlook Express, Eudora Pro, Eudora Light, and Netscape) can send but not route documents through e­mail.

To send a document to other members of your workgroup

  1. On the File menu, point to Send To, and then click Mail Recipient.
  2. Follow the directions on the screen.

Note   If you are routing or sending a document to a user who has not yet upgraded to Word 97 (Windows) or Word 98 (Macintosh), first save the document in a format that the target version of Word can open (such as Word 6.0 format), or make sure the recipient has installed the Word file converter for previous versions of Word. For information about sharing documents among different versions of Word, see Chapter 15, "Upgrading from Previous Versions of Microsoft Word."

For more information about using Office applications with e­mail, see Chapter 28, "Working with Messaging Systems and Connectivity Software."

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